As the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) prepares to vote on the next iteration of California’s COVID-19 emergency regulation, one important change being considered is whether to extend California employers’ obligation to provide exclusion pay to all workers out on leave.
Current Regulation to Expire
California’s current COVID-19 emergency regulation expires at the end of this year, and the Cal/OSHA Standards Board will be voting on a two-year, nonemergency extension of the regulation in December.
Although the proposed draft language has been public since June 2022, the Cal/OSHA staff recently released a set of adjustments to the two-year draft that will be voted upon in December with comments on the 15-day change notice due at the end of October.
In an article published in the October 21 Alert, California Chamber of Commerce Policy Advocate Robert Moutrie explained some of the key changes Cal/OSHA has made to the COVID-19 emergency regulation in the 15-day change notice, including:
• A new “close contact” definition based on the cubic footage of a workplace;
• Easing of the threshold to end an “outbreak” — now one case in a two-week period will not extend the outbreak. Instead, two cases will be the threshold to continue outbreak precautions; and
• Changes to statutory exposure notice requirements — with 2022’s AB 2963 (Reyes; D-San Bernardino) changing statutory notice requirements in the workplace, the regulation is being adjusted to match.
Exclusion Pay Burden
A significant change that labor advocates have sought is extending the exclusion pay requirement of the COVID-19 emergency regulation in the two-year nonemergency regulation, instead of allowing it to expire in December per the present draft text.
Exclusion pay is similar to COVID-19-specific sick leave, but may be unlimited in certain ways. Cal/OSHA’s requirement of exclusion pay provides simply that: “… [E]mployers shall continue and maintain an employee’s earnings, wages, seniority, and all other employee rights and benefits, including the employee’s right to their former job status, as if the employee had not been removed from their job.”
This blanket requirement has essentially created unlimited paid sick leave related to COVID-19 throughout the pandemic for both positive cases and those excluded due to an exposure. Although employers eventually were permitted to require employees to use their employer-provided paid sick leave until such leave was exhausted, exclusion pay in effect was unlimited and went past any exhaustion of paid leave. Notably, exclusion pay did not include any of the traditional elements of sick leave legislation, such as an accrual rate or a cap on usage.
In addition, although exclusion pay was supposed to be used for COVID-19 cases contracted at the workplace, the burden was on the employer to prove that a case was due to social spread in order to avoid paying — which many employers found impossible to do, leading to exclusion pay being used for social cases, as well as workplace cases in virtually all workplaces.
Exclusion Pay End Appropriate
The CalChamber believes the removal of exclusion pay from the proposed regulation draft is a reasonable and appropriate change, given that exclusion pay was an emergency-level precaution that was relatively unprecedented and given the Governor’s recent announcement that the state emergency likely will end in February 2023 (that is, just after an anticipated holiday spike).
If exclusion pay is to be re-added to the December draft regulation, Cal/OSHA will need to issue another 15-day change notice in early-to-mid November in order to be prepared for their December 15 vote. As this article was being finalized for publication, such a change notice had not been issued.